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Albania

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Albania
Flag of Albania (1914-1920).svg
Flag of Albania
Full Name Principality of Albania
Common Name Albania
Motto Ti Shqipëri, më jep nder, më jep emrin Shqipëtar
Anthem Himni i Flamurit
Official Languages Albanian
Capital Tirana
Government Structure Absolute Monarchy
Head of State Wilhelm I von Wied
Head of Government Ahmed Bey Zogu
Currency Albanian Lek
Established November 28, 1912
Area (excluding colonies) 28,748 km²
Population (excluding colonies) ~1 Million

Albania is a country in Southeast Europe. It borders Illyria, which is a part of Austria-Hungary, and Serbia to the north, Bulgaria to the east and Greece to the south.

History

In 15th century, Albanian national hero Skanderbeg fought back the Turkish invaders. However after his death and the fall of Krujas and Shkodra the country came under four centuries of foreign rule. Large numbers of the population converted to Islam in the 16th and 17th century, allowing them to rise into the highest offices - eleven Grand Veziers came from Albania and Mohammed Ali founded a dynasty in Egypt in 1805. The Islamization brought support for the resistance against Serbs and Greek as well as against the Ottoman rule itself. Only at the end of the 19th century the national renaissance began with the founding of the League of Prizren. During the First Balkans War in 1912 the Albanian national congress in Vlore declared the country's independence which was accepted by the major powers in 1913 upon the condition that Wilhelms of Wied would be accepted as Prince.

The outbreak of the Weltkrieg presented more problems for the country as Austria-Hungary demanded Albanian soldiers to fight alongside them. When Prince Wilhelm refused, citing the neutrality of Albania in the Treaty of London, the remuneration that he had been receiving was cut off. His regime collapsed and Prince Wilhelm left the country on September 3 1914 and joined the Imperial German Army, even if formally he still was the Albanian Head Of State.

On 1921, the Peace with Honour officially determined the status of Albania: a restored principality under the authority of the Prince Wilhelm, not under Austrian influence anymore, but as a formal vassal of the Ottoman caliph. Even if revolts started to break out, Prince Wilhelm was able to regain control of the country thanks to the Ottoman support. However, the price he had to pay was the Ottoman control over the country's inner politics, such as forcing the Prince to appoint the very ambitious Ahmed Zogu as his Prime Minister.

Politics

Sovereign Prince of Albania: His Highness Wilhelm I (Skanderbeg II) von Wied (born 26 March 1876)

Prime Minister and Director of Secret Police: Ahmet Bey Zogu (born 8 October 1895)

Minister of Foreign Affairs: Fuat Aslam

Minister of Finance: Ruok Geraj

Minister of Internal Affairs and Commander-in-Chief of the Albanian Army Air Service: Jocelyn Percy (born 1871)

Inspector General of the Military Department: Qemal Komani

Commander-in-Chief of the Albanian Gendarmerie: Stefkhi Shatun

Commander-in-Chief of the Albanian Naval Forces: Quamar Pakazi

Military

Army

Albania has a very small army, usually used only to repress the occasional revolt, and his defence is guaranteed by the presence of Ottoman troops inside its borders.

Because of the country's poor economy and the interference of the Ottoman Empire, Albania never attempted a military naval or air program, despite the presence of a decent airport and a good port in its capital Tirana.

Foreign Relations

Under the political, economic and military authority of the Ottoman Empire.

Friendly relations with GermanyUnited Baltic DuchyBulgariaAustria and Russia.

Unfriendly relations with Commune of FranceUnion of BritainHungarySpain and National France.

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