Alfred Ernst Rosenberg (born on January, 12 1893 in Reval, then part of the Russian Empire, now in the United Baltic Duchy) is a Baltic German philosopher and politician. He is the current Minister of Relations with the German Empire within the United Baltic Duchy.
Rosenberg was born in Reval to a family of Baltic Germans. His father was a wealthy merchant from Latvia, his mother from Estonia. He studied architecture at the Riga Polytechnical Institute and engineering at Moscow Highest Technical School, completing his Ph.D. studies in 1917. During the Russian Revolution of 1917, he supported the counter-revolutionaries and, following the outbreak of the Russian Civil War, Rosenberg sought refuge in East Prussia, where he stayed until the end of the war and where he began to attend Pan-Germanist circles. Coming back to Reval after the Weltkrieg, where he occupied an important role for the German settlement, rising as both Duke Adolf Friedrich's grey eminence and ideological head of the local GDVP. He was quickly promoted to responsible of the relations with the German Empire, despite his personal allegiance to national-populist policies. He is better known in mainland Germany as a self-proclaimed philosopher, after the publication of The Myth of the Nineteenth Century, a Pan-Germanist read-through of German philosophers such as Kant, Hegel, Nietzsche and Fichte.
Rosenberg is considered by many political experts as a maverick in the National-Populist scene: living in a country heavily influenced by strong nationalism (the United Baltic Duchy populated by German patriots), he rises as some sort of "right-wing intellectual", in a political culture where rightists prefer violent strength to ideological considerations and where brains usually convert to leftist ideals.
The Myth of the Nineteenth Century vowed to prove that Pan-Germanism is the key principle of German mind and excellence, beginning with Fichte's ''Addresses to the German Nation'' when Napoleon defeated the Prussians at Jena, continuing with Hegel and Nietzsche, seeing the latter's "Übermann" as the announcement of a perfect man made possible by German hegemony over Europe. It also gathers the old theory of Drang Nach Osten ("Desire towards the East") to present Mitteleuropa as a crucial step for the German world domination, and racial theories of Arthur de Gobineau and Houston Stewart Chamberlain, to make antisemitism and racism the most prominent traits of Pan-Germanism. A rabid critic of Christianism is also contained in this book, supposing that this religion was denying the vows of racial superiority. Even Cardinal Theodor Innitzer, the main support of German rightists in the Catholic Church, affirmed that he felt outraged by Rosenberg's thesis.