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Austria

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Austria
Austrian Flag
Flag of the Hapsburg Monarchy
Full Name Kaisertum Österreich
Common Name Austria
Motto A.E.I.O.U.
Anthem Gott erhalte, Gott beschütze
Official Languages German (Hungarian, Czech, Slovakian, Romanian, Croatian, Bosnian, Italian as minority languages)
Capital Vienna
Government Structure Parliamentary Monarchy, primary constituent state of Austria-Hungary
Head of State Otto I von Habsburg
Head of Government Albert von Mensdorff-Pouilly-Dietrichstein
Currency Austro-Hungarian krone
Established 1808 (1867)
Area (excluding colonies) Around 135,000 km²
Population (excluding colonies) Around 12,000,000


Austria is the primary constituent of the Austro-Hungarian Dual Monarchy. It borders Germany in the north, the Italian Federation in the south and Switzerland in the west. Within the Dual Monarchy, the Crowns of Bohemia, Hungary and Illyria also border Austria proper.

History

Although Austria was on the winning side of the Weltkrieg, the war’s main impact was to reveal the Empire’s significant weaknesses and utter dependence upon Germany. Over the course of the 1920s one disaster followed another: Emperor Karl died in 1922 causing the throne to pass to his 10 year old son Otto; Austrian industry collapsed in face of competition from German manufactures; and the quarrels of the Czechs and ethnic Germans in Bohemia nearly pushed the Empire into civil war. Finally, the humiliation of having to call in German mediation to resolve the deadlock of the Ausgleich negotiations in 1927, which resulted in the concession of autonomy statutes given to Bohemia and Galicia, seemed to signal the end of Austria as a Great Power.

However, many feel that there is new hope for the Osterreich - now that the Emperor Otto I has come of age and the terms of the ‘Great Compromise’ are to be renegotiated at the 1937 Ausgleich next year. Could this be the time for Austria to throw off her shackles of dependence on Germany and reassert the power of the Habsburg dynasty over her Empire?

Politics

Office Name
Emperor of Austria: Otto I.
Minister-President and Minister for Finance: Albert von Mensdorff-Pouilly-Dietrichstein
Minister for Foreign Affairs: Alfred Rappaport von Arbengau
Minister of the Interior: W. Ehrenburg von Loetitz
Director of the Imperial Military Intelligence: Alois Schönburg-Hartenstein
Chief of General Staff of the Imperial and Royal Army: Eugen von Habsburg-Lothringen
Commander-in-Chief of the Austrian Landwehr: Eduard von Böhm-Ermolli
Commander-in-Chief of the Austrian branch of the k.u.k. Kriegsmarine: Ignaz Seipel
Commander-in-Chief of the Austrian branch of the k.u.k. Luftfahrtruppen: Godwin von Brumowski

Military

Army

The cisleithanian part of the Austro-Hungarian Army are the Imperial/Royal Austrian Landwehr regiments (German: "kaiserlich/königlich" or k.k., which stands for Imperial Austrian / Royal Bohemian). They consist of fifteen infantry divisions, two specialized mountain divisions and one outdated cavalry division.

Navy

The Austro-Hungarian Navy is almost completely composed of Austrian units. However, despite its growth since the reconquest of Venice in the Weltkrieg, it is considered outdated and underdeveloped when compared to the navies of the other Great Powers. Sea power has never been a priority in the Austrian foreign policy, and the navy itself is relatively little known and supported by the public. Activities such as open days and naval clubs have been unable to change the sentiment that the navy is just something "expensive but far away". Another point is that naval expenditures are for most of the time overseen by the Austrian War Ministry which is largely controlled by the army. Currently, the Austrian Navy comprise six battleships, one heavy cruiser, six light cruisers, sixteen destroyers and ten submarines.

Air Force

As for the Navy, even the Austro-Hungarian Air Forces are almost completely composed of Austrian units. The Austrian Air Force comprise two squadron of interceptors and two of naval bombers, for the support of the Navy. However, none of them is at full strength and there are no plans for an expansion in the future, as the Air Force is not considered a priority.

Foreign Relations

Very good relations with Germany, Hungary, Bosnia, Bohemia, Galicia-Lodomiera, Croatia, Italian Federation and Kingdom of Spain.

Friendly relations with Bulgaria, Ukraine and Netherlands.

Unfriendly relations with Romania and Serbia.

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