Bohemia became part of the Austrian Empire in 1526. At the end of the eighteenth century, the Czech national revivalist movement, in cooperation with part of the Bohemian aristocracy, started a campaign for the restoration of the kingdom's historic rights, whereby the Czech language was to replace German as the language of administration. During the Revolution of 1848, many Czech nationalists called for autonomy for Bohemia from Habsburg Austria, but the revolutionaries were defeated.
In 1861, a new elected Bohemian Diet was established. The renewal of the old Bohemian Crown became the official political program of both Czech liberal politicians and the majority of Bohemian aristocracy, while parties representing the German minority and small part of the aristocracy proclaimed their loyalty to the centralistic Constitution. After the creation of the Dual Monarchy in the Ausgleichof 1867, an attempt by the Czechs to create a tripartite monarchy (Austria-Hungary-Bohemia) failed in 1871.
After the Weltkrieg Czech nationalism was on the rise and the tension between the ethnic Germans and the Czechs led to violent riots, almost bringing the Empire on the verge of a civil war. The German mediation in the renegotiations of the Ausgleich in 1927 led to the concession of autonomy to Bohemia as a constituent part of Austria-Hungary, even if under the control of the Austrian Crown and not on the same level as Hungary.
Bohemia is a parliamentary monarchy, as a constituent part of Austria-Hungary. King Karel III is represented by Governor Johann zu Schwarzenberg and the government is led by Minister-President Jan Syrový.
The future of Bohemia is uncertain as the Ausgleich of 1937 is approaching and Austria will probably try to assert its authority. However, nothing is certain and in case of a struggle for power between Austria and Hungary, Bohemia might be able to extend its control over the lands of the Slovaks.
Bohemia is under the military authority of Hungary and has only a small poorly-trained army composed of two militias used only for the repression of protests.
Under the political, economic and military authority of Austria.
Very good relations with Austria, Hungary, Germany and Russia.