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Egypt
Egypt Flag
Flag of Egypt
Full Name المملكة المصرية

(Kingdom of Egypt)

Common Name Egypt
Anthem اسلمي يا مصر‎

(Eslami ya Misr)

Official Languages Arabic
Capital Cairo
Government Structure Constitutional Monarchy
Head of State Abbas II
Head of Government Ali Mahir Pasha
Currency Egyptian pound
Established 1922
Area (excluding colonies) 3,508,263 km²
Population (excluding colonies) Around 21 million

The Sultanate of Egypt, also known as Egypt-Sudan, is a country in north-east Africa. It borders the Mediterranean to the north, the German held Suez Canal to the east, Abyssinia to the southeast, Mittelafrika to the south and National France and Libya to the west.

History

The History of modern Egypt conventionally begins in 1882 when Egypt became part of the British sphere of influence in the region, a situation that conflicted with Egypt's position as part of the Ottoman Empire. In 1914 the Protectorate was made official, and the title of the head of state, which had changed from pasha to khedive in 1867, was changed to sultan, to repudiate the vestigial suzerainty of the Ottoman sultan, who was backing the Central powers in the Weltkrieg. Abbas II was deposed as khedive and replaced by his uncle, Husayn Kamil, as sultan. Upon his death in 1917, his only son, Prince Kamal al-Din Husayn, declined the succession, and Husayn Kamil's brother Ahmed Fuad ascended the throne as Fuad I. With the signing of the Peace with Honour, Egypt remained under British control. However, Arab nationalism led to violent riots which convinced the British to unilaterally declare Egyptian independence in 1922, abolishing the protectorate and establishing an independent Sultanate of Egypt. Britain retained control of the Canal Zone, Sudan and Egypt's external protection. When the 1925 British Revolution broke out, Egypt occupied Sudan, but was forced to give control of the Suez Canal over to Germany. Fuad I, who was seen as a British puppet, was forced to flee and was replaced by his predecessor and nephew Abbas II. With the decline of the Ottoman Empire in recent years, Arab nationalism is on the rise and the Egyptian government has decided to organise a Congress of Arab Nations, the first one of which will be held in 1937. Some observers believe that together with Hashemite Arabia, they might try to free the Arabs still living under Ottoman rule.

Politics

King of Egypt: H.R.H. Abbas II

Prime minister: Ali Mahir Pasha

Minister of Foreign Affairs: Wasef Boutros Ghali

Minister of Finance: Muhammad Mahmoud Pasha

Minister of Security: Mustafa an-Nahhas Pasha

Head of Military Intelligence: Pierre Lacau

Chief of Staff: Hassan Sabry Pasha

Chief of Army: Hassan Sirry Pasha

Chief of Navy: Abdallah Ziwar Pasha

Chief of Air Force: Abdelhamid Soliman

Military

Army

The Royal Egyptian Army has the duty to defend its long borders with the neighbouring countries. It comprise five infantry divisions and three cavalry divisions, together with a couple of reserve militias and one garrison.

Navy

The Royal Egyptian Fleet consists of five heavy cruisers, three light cruisers and two destroyers. 

Air Force

The Royal Egyptian Air Force was recently formed, but it is still training its pilots and cannot provide air cover yet.

Foreign Relations

Egypt has,

  • friendly relations with Hashemite Arabia.
  • dislikes the Ottoman Empire, Libya, Germany and Mittelafrika.

See also

  • Ottoman Empire

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