Erich Schultz-Ewerth is a German colonial administrator and ethnologist. He is the protégé of former Colonial Secretary Wilhelm Solf and previously served as Governor of German Samoa (later German Northern Marianas) from 1912 to 1923. Schultz-Ewerth has been Vice-Staathalter of the Freistaat Mittelafrika since 1934.
Schultz-Ewerth first entered political life as a district judge in German East Africa from 1898 to 1901, before moving to German Samoa, where he became a protégé of then-Governor Wilhelm Solf, eventually succeeding him in this position. He was often criticized for his ban on mixed marriages passed in the colony in 1912. Schultz-Ewerth went on to describe Samoan lifestyle and praised German colonial achievements in his various ethnology books.
On 29 August 1914, Schultz-Ewerth had to deal with the invasion of the territory by Entente forces from New Zealand and spent the remainder of the Weltkrieg interned. After the war, he continued his term as Governor until 1923, the year he became the Secretary to the Colonies, helping his old friend Solf in the establishment of Mittelafrika. He later served in the administration of the colony, under the control of Paul von Lettow-Vorbeck.
When Solf eventually decided to retire to the German Samoa, Schultz-Ewerth was considered as his most likely successor. He was confirmed as Vice-Staathalter to Hermann Göring by the Reichstag on 28 February 1934. Despite the authority seemingly vested in the title, Schultz-Ewerth does not possess a great role in the governance of Mittelafrika, instead only appearing as a representation of Berlin's authority in Central Africa.
Memories of Samoa. Berlin, 1926.
Germany's path to colonial power. Berlin, 1934.
Customs and customary rights of the natives of the German colonies in Africa and the South Seas. Two volumes, Stuttgart, 1929-1930.