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Abyssinia
Abyssinia
Flag of Abyssinia
Full Name የኢትዮጵያ ንጉሠ ነገሥት መንግሥተ

(Empire of Abyssinia)

Common Name Abyssinia
Motto ኢትዮጵያ ታበፅዕ እደዊሃ ሃበ አግዚአብሐር

(Abyssinia Stretches Her Hands unto God)

Anthem ኢትዮጵያ ሆይ ደስ ይበልሽ

(Abyssinia, Be happy)

Official Languages Amharic
Capital Addis-Ababa
Government Structure Autocratic monarchy
Head of State Haile Selassie I
Head of Government Bedjironde Tekle Hawariate
Currency Ethiopian birr
Established 1855
Area (excluding colonies) 1.6 million km²
Population (excluding colonies) Around 7 million

Abyssinia, also known as Ethiopia but officially as the Abyssinian Empire is a country in Africa. Its borders are shared to the north by the Red Sea and the German colony of Djbouti, to the east by Somalia , to the south by German Mittelafrika and to the west by Egypt-Sudan.

Abyssinia was one of the only countries in Africa remaining independent during the Scramble for Africa and successfully defeated an Italian invasion in 1896 in the Battle of Adwa. . An ally of Germany in the last stages of the Weltkrieg, Abyssinia is a deeply indebted and weakened nation, firmly under the German sphere of influence

History

Fighting to keep independence

Abyssinia was finally reunited by Negus Negast Tewodros II on February, 11 1855, after centuries of feudal division and isolation since the Middle Ages. His reign ended with revolts from two of his rivals, along with British interference and military intervention in the Ethiopian territory, eventually leading him to commit suicide. His rival Yohannes IV succeeded him, but he had to deal with both British and the Italian purchase of Eritrea: the Italian forces had a first encounter with the Abyssinian army by April 1888, but fighting was avoided thanks to negotiations. On March 9, 1889, Yohannes IV was killed by a bullet during a victorious battle against the Egyptian dervishes: he was succeeded by his rival Menelik II. On May 2nd, Emperor Menelik signed the Treaty of Wuchale with the Italians, granting them a portion of Northern Abyssinia (the area that would later be Eritrea) and part of the province of Tigray in return for the promise of 30,000 rifles, ammunition, and cannons. The Italians notified the European powers that this treaty gave them a protectorate over all of Abyssinia. Menelik protested, showing that the Amharic version of the treaty said no such thing, but his protests were ignored. The conflict with the Italians was resolved by the Italians’ defeat at the Battle of Adowa on March 1, 1896. A provisional treaty of peace was concluded at Addis Ababa on October 26, 1896, which acknowledged the independence of Abyssinia. Beginning the modernization of the country, Menelik II was succeeded by his grandson, Lij Iyasu, but he was soon deposed due to his Muslim ties.

Rising troubles

The overthrow of Iyasu V in 1916 created more problems than it solved, as when his aunt Zauditu ascended the throne she caved in to increasing pressure from the Progressive Party and made Ras Tafari Makonnen heir to the throne - a decision that would later prove to be a serious cause of trouble. Nevertheless, Abyssinia flourished under Zauditu, culminating in the country’s 1918 entry into the Weltkrieg on the side of Germany and the subsequent annexation of Eritrea, after a series of battles in the region. Its nominal control of the Ogaden region was completely lost to Somalia, however. The cost of the war took a great toll, and massive debt was contracted; Germany political and economical intrests greatly influenc the goverment and the economy. Halie Selassie I and his advisors struggle to continue their planned reforms with such a burden, and the general dissastifaction of the lords of the realm. Additinally, slavery's nominal abolition was not implemented in most of the coutry, and therefore brings great damage to the nation's international prestige. The railway between German Africa and German Djbouti, while impressive, brings little wealth to the nation, and German power shows no sign of waning in the region.

Politics

The Politics of the Empire are dominated by the crippling national debt, contracted in the Weltkreig but expanded by Halie Selassie's attempts at reforming several areas of the Government, and in quelling the growing unrest in Eritrea. In addition, many lords resent the Negus's reformist spirit.

Negus Negast and Minister of Military Intelligence: Haile Selassie I

Prime Minister and Minister of Interior: Bedjironde Tekle Hawariate

Minister of Foreign Affairs and Minister of Finance: Herouy Wolde Selassie

Chief of Staff: Ras Mulugueta

Military

The massive budgetary issues of the Empire means that its military is in quite the sorry state in 1936.

Army

The Imperial Army is, in short terms, a mess. Its perfomance in the Weltrkeig was abysmal, for Eritrea's small Italian garrison and locals kept it at bay for months. Old, feudal laws and lords keep private armies as theirs, and the equippment and supplies situation is horrid. Only the Mehal Sefari brigades are combat ready with modern equipment.

Navy

Despite the re-annexation of Eritrea, a serious military naval program has never been attempted do to the high costs involved.

Air Force

Abyssinia has a small and recently formed air force, composed exclusively of German interceptors.

Foreign Relations

Abbysnia has,

Economy

With an extremely agrarian economy, and most if not all industrial assets owned by German capital, the Economy of the Empire is fragile and indeed underdeveloped, and famines have grown more common due to the increased economical hardships. Much reform will be needed if the Empire is to truly modernize.

See also

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