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Mohammed Zaher Shah

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Mohammed Zahir Shah of the Barakzai family is the fourth and current Shah of Afghanistan, succeeding his father Mohammed Nadir Shah on November, 8 1933.

Mohammed Zaher Shah
Zahir Shah of Afghanistan

Born October 15, 1914 in Kabul, Afghanistan
Status Alive
Status Alive
Allegiance Flag-AFG Afghanistan


History

Early life

Mohammed Zahir was born to Mohammed Nadir Shah, a senior member of the Barakzai royal family and Commander-in-Chief of the Afghan army under former king Amanullah Khan. Nadir Shah assumed the throne after the execution of Habibullah Ghazi on October 10, 1929. Zahir Shah was educated in a special class for princes at Habibia High School in Kabul. He continued his education in France where his father had been sent as a diplomatic envoy, studying at the Pasteur Institute and the University of Montpellier. When he returned to Afghanistan he helped his father and uncles restore order and reassert government control during a period of lawlessness in the country. He was later enrolled at an Infantry School and appointed a privy counsellor. Zahir Shah served in the government positions of deputy war minister and minister of education. Zahir Shah was fluent in Pashto and Persian, and speaks some French and English. His preference for the Persian language gave him credibility with the most important group of the country: the elite citizenry of Kabul.

Reign as Shah

Zahir Khan was proclaimed Shah on 8 November 1933, after the assassination of his father Mohammed Nadir Shah. Following his ascension to the throne he was given the regnal title "confident in God, follower of the firm religion of Islam". Throughout the 1930s, agreements on foreign assistance and trade had been reached with many countries, most notably Germany, Russia, and Japan.

Family

The Shah married his cousin Homairah Begum (born 1918) on November 2, 1931 and has two sons and one daughter:

  • Princess Bilqis Begum (born April 7, 1932)
  • Crown Prince Muhammed Akbar Khan (born August 4, 1933)
  • Prince Ahmad Shah (born September 23, 1934)

See also

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