The Socialist Republic of Italy (Italian: Repubblica Socialista d'Italia), or simply West Italy, is a country in Southern Europe and is situated on the northwest of the Italian Peninsula.
The SRI traces it's origins back to the declaration of the Italian Federation after the Weltkrieg. Refusing to recognize the authority of the right wing republic in Milan, industrial workers along with socialist and left wing politicians declared their own, rival republic, and kickstarted the Italian Civil War . The chaotic early stages of the war were more akin to street brawls than to actual warfare, as several worker militas faced off against right wing and moderate groups on street barricades; notorious in this early phase of the war were the battle of Parma between Anarchists and Nationalists, and the first engagement of regular troops, when Republican forces used armor to destroy a socialist pocket within Milan. The initially struggling military situation of the uprising, due to the relatively low adherence of regular military to it, was not an impediment to significant victories; while the SRI oficially calls them great victories by the bravery of the proletariat, the blunt truth is that the Republican High Command committed crass mistakes that costed them control of important positions in Emilia and Toscana, forcing a general withdrawal beyond the Po river, and the Republic's forces negotiated a general ceasefire with Austria and joined forces to repel what was to become known as the Po offensive; a disaster in terms of manpower for the Socialist Republic. In the south, the forces still loyal to the Italian Federation retreated into the Mezzorigiorno quickly after Umbria became a battleground between the two Republics, but these regular forces proved to be more than a match for Republican offensives. While the seat of the Papal States was close to falling, Austria's offical entry into what then was an internal Italian affair dashed hopes of victory in all fronts.
While the failed offensives meant that the Socialist Republic's position to enforce it's rule by force was weaker, the general opinion of Italians was that the government in Milan were Austrian sock-puppets, helping the cementing of Syndicalist legitimacy. The South is seen as needing liberation, even if the Papal Question is still today a matter of debate among Socialists. The three General congresses of the SRI so far oversaw various changes to its structure to resemble more its French sister, and in many ways they function the same way. Reconstruction efforts are slow moving, but steadily Northern Italy is recovering it's industrial and agricultural prowess. Sabotage by fleeing capitalists meant that many dockyards and army factories were inoperative for much of the Civil War, but but by the 20s the situation has shifted, and in the 1931 congress a navy expansion program was put forward, as few, if any, seaworthy combat ships or officers joined the SRI.
There are three main unions within the Greater Italian Union, the only party of the Socialist Republic of Italy:
- The Radical Socialist Unione Socialista Cristiana, and as evident by their name they support Christian Socialism. Furthermore, they are the voice for the rural agrarian communes, which form their strongest base of support and main beneficiary.
- The Syndicalist faction known as Unione Sindacalista, the current ruling party. The Unione Sindacalista support the urban proletariat and favor industrialization, as well as pushing for more democracy within the workplace, something the anarchists within the faction are pushing for the most.
- The Totalist faction called the Unione Nazionalista. The Nationalists are Totalists through and through. Many of the soldiers that sided with the SRI during the Civil War support them. In addition, they are strong patrons of the Futurists, among other avant-garde movements, and they eagerly look to the future: a future where all of Italy is united under their rule.
On April 1936 a new Congress will be held, and the results cannot be accurately predicted; Mussolini's once fringe faction is soaring among the young, who see the frozen conflict Italy is in as completely unacceptable. USC and the US still consider each other as main rivals, and the elections are set to be highly divisive and contentious
President of the Socialist Republic of Italy : Palmiro Togliatti
Chairman of the House of Commons: Antonio Gramsci
General Responsible for Diplomacy: Pietro Nenni
General Responsible for People's Army Needs: Vittorio Vidali
General Responsible for Police: Ruggiero Greco
General Responsible for Intelligence: Giuseppe di Vittorio
General Responsible for People's Army Direction: Camillo Berneri
General Responsible for People's Army: Umberto Marzocchi
General Responsible for People's Navy: Francesco Maugeri
General Responsible for People's Air Force: Mario Ajmone Cat
Alliance (also known as Syndicalist Internationale) with Commune of France.
Very good relations with Union of Britain.
Friendly relations with Russia, Albania and Serbia.
Unfriendly relations with Germany, Canada, Illyria, Spain and Ottoman Empire.
Declared hostility against Republic of Italy, Kingdom of the Two Sicilies and the Papal State, Austria-Hungary and National France.