Syndicalism, or more formally Revolutionary Syndicalism, is a loosely defined political ideology that aims to overthrow capitalism by coordinated actions conducted by industrial workers. The basic political unit of syndicalism is a federations of collectivized trade unions, known as a syndicate.
Syndicalism is a form of economic corporatism that advocates interest aggregation of multiple non-competitive categorized units to negotiate and manage an economy. It holds, on an ethical basis, that all participants in an organized trade internally share equal ownership of its production. Industry in a syndicalist system is run through co-operative confederations and mutual aid.
Labour unions play a vital role in syndicalism and run the society after the downfall of capitalism. For adherents, labor unions are the means to achieve political representation and run society fairly in the interest of the majority, through union democracy. The emphasis on industrial organization in opposition of political action separates syndicalism from many other egalitarian organizations and could be considered its most distinguishable feature. Syndicalism does not, however, reject political action altogether and political organization is practically a must in countries where syndicalism is strong.
Anarcho-Syndicalism is a branch of syndicalism with a strong anarchist components that seek to abolish the wage system, regarding it as "wage slavery", and state or private ownership of the means of production, which they believe lead to class divisions. Additionally, anarcho-syndicalists often regard the state as a profoundly anti-worker institution and seek to abolish the use of money.
Radical Socialism, or Radicalism, is a political ideology featuring a toned down version of syndicalism, with more democratic structures and safeguards. The term Radical Socialism is sometimes used to refer to countries with a socialist structure or government, even if they lack a true syndicalist structure, or cede only nominal power to trade unions.
Totalitarian Socialism, or Totalism, is a branch of Syndicalism based upon state controlled economics, nationalism, the total involvement of the state in internal affairs and the importance of the state in preserving socialism.
- Union of Britain
- Commune of France
- Bharatiya Commune
- Combined Syndicates of America
- Socialist Republic of Italy
The ideology of Syndicalism is the leading dominant revolutionary left-wing movement.