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Totalism

Hammer and Sword; the logo of the Totalist movement

Totalitarian Socialism, or Totalism, is a political ideology based upon state controlled economics, nationalism, the total involvement of the state in internal affairs and the importance of the state in preserving socialism.

Overview

Totalism is a relatively new ideological doctrine, proposed in the mid-1930s by Oswald Mosley, the leader of the Maximists within the Union of Britain. His hard left and authoritarian doctrine advocates a massive centralization of power instead of the more democratic support to the trade unions endorsed by syndicalism. Another central tenet of Totalism is the focus on military power and the desire to spread the ideology with force if need be.

Totalism promotes a new direction for socialism in the world, emphasising the the role of the socialist state as the core ideal of the nation while devaluing or abandoning the Marxist ideas of worker empowerment and a classless utopia. Totalists look to centralise and expand the governments' powers in socialist states, believing the goal of the government is to build socialism in the state, and often use nationalist and militarist rhetoric and policies.

History

The original idea for some form of authoritarian socialist ideology was thought of between Mosley and Clive Lewis in the late 1920s. Here, the two pulled ideas from Russian Bolsheviks and Georgian Mensheviks in developing the centralised authoritarian socialist belief. The focus on militarism and socialist-nationalism came later in the early-1930s from Mosley's work with Eric Blair and his experience with French Sorelians and Italian National-Syndicalists. This is when "totalism" truly began to take form.

There is expected to be a conference in early 1936 between Mosley, Georges Valois of the French Sorelians, Benito Mussolini of the Italian National-Syndicalists, and Lavrentiy Beria of the Georgian Mensheviks to resolve any remaining disagreements before a unified Totalist charter will be announced to the world.